An assessment instrument used to measure an individual's abilities, mental or physical skills level (i.e. problem solving, manual dexterity, etc.)
When an employee habitually fails to show up for work as scheduled without good reason.
A rating method where the rater assigns a specific value on a fixed scale to the behavior or performance of an individual instead of assigning ratings based on comparisons between other individuals.
The process of perceiving issues and reaching conclusions through the use of symbols or generalizations rather than concrete factual information.
The process of perceiving issues and reaching conclusions through the use of symbols or generalizations rather than concrete factual information.
The extent to which a contractor's or employer's facility is readily approachable and does not inhibit the mobility of individuals with disabilities, particularly such areas as the personnel office, worksite and public areas.
The Accident Compensation Corporation
Willingness to take responsibility for one's actions, such as when it comes to workplace conduct, job performance, and assigned projects
A process of external quality review and certification by a recognized body that evaluates individuals, colleges, universities and educational programs to assure they are performing the functions that they claim to be performing in a competent manner.
A standardized testing instrument used to measure how much an individual has learned or what skills he or she has attained as a result of education, training or past experience.
The process of acquiring control of another corporation by purchase or stock exchange.
The process of perceiving issues and reaching conclusions through the use of symbols or generalizations rather than concrete factual information.
The process of learning new knowledge, skills and behaviors through taking specific actions or performing specific tasks.
The process of perceiving issues and reaching conclusions through the use of symbols or generalizations rather than concrete factual information.
Any act by an employer that results in an individual or group of individuals being deprived of equal employment opportunities.
A substantially different rate of selection in hiring, promotion or other employment decision that works to the disadvantage of a race, sex or ethnic group.
An employer’s selection practices or policies that result in discriminatory or unfavorable treatment toward an individual or individuals who are members of a protected group
Employment actions that seem neutral but are discriminatory toward a legally-protected group. Adverse impact can happen in many aspects of employment, including hiring, training and development, promotion, performance evaluation, transfer, and termination.
A set of policies that aim to promote equal employment opportunities for individuals of an underrepresented group, such as women and minorities.
The clauses set forth in 41 C.F.R. §§ 60-250.4 and 60-741.4 that must be included in federal contracts and subcontracts of $10,000 and over. These two clauses outline the affirmative action requirements for special disabled veterans, Vietnam-era veterans (41 C.F.R. § 60-250.4) and individuals with disabilities (41 C.F.R. § 60-741.4). These clauses are a part of covered contracts regardless of whether they are physically incorporated into the contract and whether the contract is written.
A written set of specific, results-oriented procedures to be followed by all federal contractors holding contracts of $50,000 or more and employing 50 or more people and intended to remedy the effects of past discrimination against or under-utilization of women and minorities. The effectiveness of the plan is measured by the results it actually achieves rather than by the results intended and by the good faith efforts undertaken by the contractor to increase the pool of qualified women and minorities in all parts of the organization.
Used in litigation of employment discrimination disputes, after-acquired evidence is evidence that the employer discovers after it has already discharged an employee which proves that even if the discharge in question is found to be illegal, the employer would have dismissed the employee anyway in light of discovering the misconduct
The ADEA protects workers age 40 and over by prohibiting discrimination against workers 40 and over in any employment or employment-related decision.The Act applies to most employers with 20 or more employees. One of the main provisions of the Act is that employers, with very few exceptions, can no longer force an employee to retire
The practice of treating someone unfairly based on their age — also called “age discrimination.” Examples include refusing to promote someone or denying benefits to older employees solely because of their age
A rating method used in job evaluation and performance evaluation whereby the rater is asked to select the best and worst employees from a listing of all employees and then rank them accordingly.
A voluntary procedure used to resolve disputes or conflicts between individuals, groups or labor management. This procedure utilizes the services of a neutral third party to facilitate discussion and assist the parties in reaching an agreement which is binding.
Any location other than the employer’s physical worksite where employees are allowed to perform their jobs
An employer’s policy that restricts the employment of two or more family members at the same time.
An annual target for the placement of underutilized groups of protected class members in job groups where under-utilization exists.
The appearance that an individual has the authority or power to act as an organization’s agent, even though the organization has bestowed no such authority or power to that individual
A person who seeks work at a certain employers' facilities who meets certain prescribed standards, as defined by the employer.
Application forms/resumes and other relevant items maintained by an employer and used during the selection process.
Records of hiring, promotion and other related employment actions used for the purpose of monitoring selection and employment practices.
A chronological listing that records each applicant who applies for employment or promotion. Data includes applicant's name, race, national origin, gender, referral source, date of application, job title applied for and disposition.
The sum total of all individuals who have applied for a position either by submitting a resume or application for employment which the employer uses to select candidates for employment.
A software application that lets recruiters and employers track candidates during the recruitment and hiring stages. Streamlines the recruitment and hiring processes, from start to end.
A third-party organization that delivers software applications and related services over the Internet allowing an organization to outsource some or all of its information technology needs.
See Performance planning.
A system used to train a person in a recognized trade or craft in accordance with specific standards. The apprenticed individual obtains his or her skills by performing the related duties for a specified period of time under the tutelage of an experienced craft or tradesman.
A standardized testing instrument used during the selection process that is intended to measure and predict an individual’s abilities.
An alternative dispute resolution method that uses a neutral third party (i.e. arbitrator) to resolve individual, group or labor-management conflicts and issue a binding decision.
A testing location where a candidate being considered for assignment or promotion to managerial or executive level position is rated by a team of experienced evaluators over a series of days using standardized activities, games and other simulations to predict the candidate’s future job performance.
An employer’s written standards regarding the requirement for employees to be on time and present at work during regularly scheduled work periods.
A tool used to solicit and assess employee opinions, feelings, perceptions and expectations regarding a variety of managerial and organizational issues.
When an employee leaves the organization — whether voluntarily or involuntarily — and is not replaced.
Leader determines policy of the organization, instructs members what to do/make, subjective in approach, aloof and impersonal.
The process of determining the number of qualified minorities and women in the relevant available workforce who possess or have the ability to acquire the required skills or qualifications for any available position within the organization.
Verification of an applicant’s identity and personal information, such as Social Security number, date of birth, education, criminal and employment history, credit, and references.
A popular strategic management concept developed in the early 1990's by Drs. Robert Kaplan and David Norton, the balanced scorecard is a management and measurement system which enables organizations to clarify their vision and strategy and translate them into action. The goal of the balanced scorecard is to tie business performance to organizational strategy by measuring results in four areas: financial performance, customer knowledge, internal business processes, and learning and growth.
Depending on the employer’s location, it may be illegal to put criminal-history questions on job applications.
The process of reviewing an organization’s policies and procedures to identify and eliminate impediments in recruitment, selection, transfer, or promotion of protected class individuals throughout the organization.
An appraisal that requires raters list important dimensions of a particular job and collect information regarding the critical behaviors that distinguish between successful and unsuccessful performance. These critical behaviors are then categorized and appointed a numerical value which is used as the basis for rating performance
A job interview technique used to predict future performance by asking the candidate about their past work experiences and behaviors.
The behaviour of the employee which is the subject of measurement and appraisal in terms of whether or not the behaviors shown by an employee are those identified by job analysis/competency profiling as those contributing to team and/or organizational success.
The process of analyzing and identifying workplace behavioral issues and implementing programs, policies or services most suitable for correcting or eliminating various employee behavioral problems.
The curve representing the normal distribution of a rating or test score.
The process of comparing different aspects of the organization against those of competitor organizations in order to determine performance drivers and areas of improvement. Example: Compensation Benchmarking
A benefit is a form of indirect compensation designedto provide employees added protection, promote goodwill and reward employment. It usually takes a form other than money. Benefits are typically extended to employees as well as their immediate family members. Who is covered, what type of benefits are offered, how costs are computed and distributed and how the value is captured and communicated are all important questions the employer must answer.
Your employee handbook and offer letters should clearly state when, or if, an employee is eligible to participate in your company’s benefits program.
This is the period of time an employee must be employed before enrolling in the company’s benefits program.
Section 69 to 72 of the Holidays Act 2003 provides a specific number of paid days off following the death of an employee’s spouse, parent, child grandparent or in-law so that the employee may attend funeral proceedings, etc.
The practice of posting all job openings internally so that current employees may be allowed the opportunity to apply for vacant positions prior to the employer seeking qualified candidates through other external recruitment measures
A workforce is comprised of permanent full-time, part-time, temporary employees and independent contractors.
A job advertisement placed in a newspaper, trade journal/publication, magazine or Internet job board that contains no identifying information about the employer placing the ad.
Hourly paid workers employed in occupations that require physical or manual labor.
A very narrowly interpreted exception to EEO laws that allows employers to base employment decisions for a particular job on such factors as sex, religion or national origin, if they are able to demonstrate that such factors are an essential qualification for performing a particular job.
An incentive pay plan which awards employees compensation, in addition to their base salary, for achieving individual or group performance and productivity goals.
Defined as an organization that removes roadblocks to maximize the flow of information throughout the organization.
The process of identifying and differentiating an organization’s products, processes or services from another organization by giving it a name, phrase or other mark.
Occurring when an individual who is a party to a contract or agreement does not uphold or violates the terms of the contract.
A measure used to determine the approximate sales volume required to cover the costs associated with producing a particular product or service.
A pay structure that consolidates a large number of narrower pay grades into fewer broad bands with wider salary ranges
A form of employee orientation whereby a newly hired employee is assigned to another employee (typically within the same department) who shows the new employee the ropes, introduces him or her to coworkers, gives personal assistance and answers questions on an as-needed basis.
Repeated, unwelcome behavior that is intended to harm someone, such as behavior meant to intimidate, humiliate, or offend an employee.
The practice of allowing more senior level employees whose positions have been slotted for elimination or downsizing the option of accepting an alternative position within the Organization, for which they may be qualified to perform and which is currently occupied by another employee with less seniority
The burden placed on an employer, as a result of a claim of discriminatory treatment, to provide a verifiable, legitimate and nondiscriminatory reason for any employment action taken which may have resulted in adverse treatment of a member(s) of a protected group.
Physical or emotional exhaustion, lack of motivation or decreased morale resulting from an individual being exposed to excessive or prolonged stress and frustration caused by personal problems, work pressures, financial difficulties, etc.
Developing processes, procedures, and activities in advance to help ensure that the organization can carry out essential functions during operational disruptions.
When an employer makes an employment-related decision that disproportionately impacts a particular group but is based on business needs. The employer must be able to prove that the action taken is job-related and consistent with business necessity.
Guiding individuals through the career planning and career decision-making process by helping them to make informed decisions regarding educational and occupational choices, as well as providing resources needed to further developing job search and placement skills.
An organization’s support toward an employee’s professional growth. May include skills development, mentoring, coaching, and other resources to help employees reach their career objectives.
The progression of jobs in an organization’s specific occupational fields ranked from highest to lowest based on level of responsibility and pay.
The process of charting a career course that enables the employee to gradually progress within the organization. It involves identifying the employee’s skills, interests, and career goals plus determining how these attributes can help fulfill the organization’s current and future needs
The process of establishing career objectives and determining appropriate educational and developmental programs to further develop the skills required to achieve short- or long-term career objectives.
Occurs when an employee has reached the highest position level he or she can possibly obtain within an organization and has no future prospect of being promoted due to a lack of skills, corporate restructuring or other factors
The propensity to make several career changes during an individual’s lifetime instead of committing to a long-term career within a specific occupational field.
A case study uses real scenarios that focus on a specific issue(s). It looks deeply at a specific issue, drawing conclusions only about that issue and only in that specific context.
The practice of hiring employees on an as-needed basis, either as a replacement for permanent full-time employees who are out on short- and long-term absences or to meet employer’s additional staffing needs during peak business periods.
A labor relations term used to define periodic suspensions of negotiations in order to provide both sides with an opportunity to consider their relevant positions.
A tool used to solicit and asses employee opinions, feelings, perceptions and expectations regarding a variety of factors pertinent to maintaining the organizations climate, such as opportunities for growth, management, working relationships and environment, etc..
A one-to-one process between a manager and subordinate, whereby the former will ‘train’ the latter. See also Mentoring.
A contractual relationship between an employer and a Professional Employer Organization (PEO) in which the PEO shares certain employment responsibilities with the employer/client.
A testing instrument used during the selection process in order to measure the candidate’s learning and reasoning abilities
The process by which [an] employer[s] will negotiate employment contracts with [a] union[s].
Commissions are a specified compensation structure typically defined by incentive plans. These plans are built to target paying employees a percentage of products sold to customers.
Decisions of the Courts also known as Precedent. Distinguished from Legislation.
Any individual who performs services for an employer who has the right to control what work will be done (by the individual) and how the work will be done.
The ratio of an actual pay rate to the midpoint for the respective pay grade used for comparing actual rates of pay with the midpoint for a particular pay grade within the salary structure.
A rating method that determines ratings by making comparisons between the individuals being rated.
The skills, knowledge, and skills needed to execute a certain task or role
Competency based pay is a compensation system that recognizes employees for the depth, breadth, and types of skills they obtain and apply in their work. Also known as skill based and knowledge based pay.
The practice of giving employees paid time off that can be used in the future in lieu of paying them overtime for hours worked in excess of 40 per week.
An alternative scheduling method that allows employees to work a standard workweek over less than a five-day period in one week or a 10-day period in two weeks.
The means of determining a test’s or other assessment tool’s validity by comparing test scores against actual job performance.
An organization’s policies and work rules that employees are expected to abide by in order to remain continuously employed
A contract between an employer and an employee barring or limiting the employee from disclosing confidential or proprietary information.
Refers to situations when an individual has other competing financial, professional or personal obligations or interests that interfere with his or her ability to adequately perform required duties in a fair and objective manner.
Strategies used to resolve disagreements or eliminate conflict in a way that is beneficial to those involved.
Under the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985, if an employee terminates employment with the company, the employee is entitled to continue participating in the company’s group health plan for a prescribed period of time, usually 18 months. (In certain circumstances, such as an employee’s divorce or death, the length of coverage period may be longer for qualified dependents). COBRA coverage is not extended to employees terminated for gross misconduct.
Occurs when a manager/supervisor or employer makes working conditions so unbearable or abusive that a reasonable person believes that resignation is the only appropriate action to take.
The extent to which a test or other assessment instrument measures a particular trait.
An individual who works independently to assist and advise client organizations with various organizational functions and responsibilities on a fee-for-service basis.
Prohibits employees from being terminated for garnishments for any one indebtedness. Although two or more do allow an employer to terminate, care should be exercised to prevent disparate impact if the employees being terminated are mostly women and minorities.
The degree to which a test or other assessment instrument used during the selection process measures the skills, knowledge and abilities or other related job qualifications.
The process of identifying an organization’s critical information systems and business operations and developing and implementing plans to enable those systems and operations to resume following a disaster or other emergency situation.
Refers to an individual employed in a job that does not have an explicit contract for long-term employment (i.e., independent contractor or temporary employee)
The skills, knowledge and abilities which employees must possess in order to successfully perform job functions that are essential to business operations.
A small group of permanent workers, for example, strategists, planners.
The tasks or functions within an organization considered essential to the organization’s business operations.
Employees who are considered to be vital to the organization’s successful business operations.
Corporate Citizenship is the contribution a company makes to society through its core business activities, its social investment and philanthropy programs, and its engagement in public policy. The manner in which a company manages its economic, social and environmental relationships, and the way it engages with its stakeholders (such as shareholders, employees, customers, business partners, governments and communities), has an impact on the company's longterm success.’ (World Economic Forum) The term is also used interchangeably with other similar terms such as Corporate Governance and/or Corporate Social Responsibility.
The beliefs, values and practices adopted by an organization that directly influence employee conduct and behavior.
The way in which an organization is viewed by clients, employees, vendors or the general public
The aims and objectives of an organization.
“A management concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and interactions with their stakeholders.”
The prescribed standards, behaviors, principles or concepts that an organization regards as highly important
Correction of deficiencies identified during a compliance review of an affirmative action plan.
A means of measuring the costs associated with a specific program, project, activity or benefit compared with the total benefit or value derived.
A strategy of becoming the lowest-cost producer in its industry. Critical incidents A method of avoiding the subjective judgments which are the feature of most ranking and rating systems. It is the keeping, by management, of a record of on-job incidents or behaviors which may be examples of [in]effective behaviour and used as background information for subsequent discussions and performance appraisals.
The total payments in the form of gross salary and wages, bonuses, and other cash allowances paid to employees and salaries, allowances, fees, bonuses and commissions paid to working directors and fees paid to non-working directors for their attendance at the Board of Directors' meetings.
The direct and indirect costs associated with recruiting talent —e.g., advertisement costs, staffing agency fees, signing bonuses, relocation costs, HR overhead costs, background check costs, and training costs.
A broad term that refers to an organizations pre-established activities and guidelines, for preparing and responding to significant catastrophic events or incidents (i.e., fire, earthquake, severe storms, workplace violence, kidnapping, bomb threats, acts of terrorism, etc.) in a safe and effective manner. A successful crisis management plan also incorporates other organizational programs such as , emergency response , disaster recovery, risk management, communications, business continuity, etc.
A formal written plan establishing specific measures or actions to be taken when responding to catastrophic events or tragedies (i.e., fire, earthquake, severe storms, workplace violence, kidnapping, bomb threats, acts of terrorism, etc.) in the workplace.
The process of an organization implementing specific plans and procedures designed to circumvent certain disasters or emergencies.
Work teams comprised of individuals who represent the various organizational functions, departments or divisions.
The process of training employees to perform more than a single job within the organization, enabling change management The deliberate effort of an organization to anticipate change and to manage its introduction, implementation, and consequences.
A term used to describe members of the executive team, i.e. CEO, CFO, CIO, COO, etc
The diverse behaviors, beliefs, customs, traditions, language and expressions that are characteristic to groups of people of a particular race, ethnicity or national origin.
The process of bringing people of different racial or ethnic backgrounds into equal association.
Used to describe, a longer, more detailed version of a resume. It is synonymous with resume.
The relationships an organization has with the people it does business with, including suppliers, ‘brand equity’ and ‘goodwill’
Using Web sites, listservs, chat rooms or bulletin boards to post insulting or defamatory statements regarding former employers.
A form of unemployment – rises in times of economic recession and falls in times of prosperity. Now shows signs of being able to withstand increased prosperity.
The termination of union representation over a specific bargaining unit following a de-certification election.
An order declaring a contractor ineligible for the award of future contracts or cancellation of current contracts
The process of assigning decision-making authority to lower levels within the organizational hierarchy.
Allows members of a particular bargaining unit to terminate their union representation through a voting process.
The ability to extract certain rules based on a sequence of experiences or observations and apply those rules to other similar situations.
Payment for services under any employer-sponsored plan or arrangement that allows an employee (for tax related purposes) to defer income to the future.
A retirement plan that is not an individual account plan and pays participants a fixed periodic benefit or a lumpsum amount, calculated using specific formulas that include such items as age, earnings and length of service.
An individual account plan in which the employer contributes a specific amount of money into each year that is to be distributed among the accounts of each plan participant.
The removal of hierarchical layers in an organization.
The act of reassigning an employee to a lower position than they previously held. Demotions are often accompanied by a reduction in skill requirement, pay, or level of responsibility.
The process of dividing an organization’s labor, functions, processes or units into separate groups
The department, whether federal or state, that oversees companies’ adherence to labor laws.
All compensation (base salary and/or incentive pay) that is paid directly to an employee.
Under the ADA, direct threat is a significant risk or a substantial likelihood of harm to the health and safety to the employee or others — which cannot be alleviated or removed by reasonable accommodation.
“A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities.” Defined by the ADA.
The termination of an employee based on previous disciplinary proceedings or for violating a major work rule or policy.
The means of reprimanding employees who fail to abide by the organization’s performance standards, policies or rules.
A disciplinary measure in which employees are suspended without pay for a specified period of time due to violations of a company work rule or policy.
The process of disclosing information to employees or the general public regarding any business practices or processes that contain the propensity to be hazardous to the environment or the health and safety of individuals.
A form of variable pay where an employer provides additional cash compensation to an employee for reasons that are not pursuant to any prior contract, agreement or promise that would lead the employee to expect the payments regularly.
Commonly used as an offset when coordinating income from multiple sources.
An employer’s response to an employee’s misconduct, poor performance, or rule-breaking. May include verbal and written warnings, performance improvement plan, suspension, demotion, or termination.
“Generally exists when an employer treats an applicant or employee less favorably merely because of a person’s race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, disability, or status as a protected veteran. It may also occur if an employer disciplines, terminates, or takes unfavorable actions against an employee or job applicant for discussing, disclosing, or asking about pay.” Defined by the United States Department of Labor (DOL).
Diversity refers to the individual differences (e.g., life experiences and personality types) and social differences (e.g., race, gender, and culture) that can be used to strengthen teamwork and the organization’s competitive position. Inclusion is about meeting the needs of each employee and giving them room to thrive. In an inclusive workplace, employees feel valued, respected, and supported. For diversity to work, there must be inclusion.
The process of terminating multiple employees simultaneously, due to their positions being eliminated or organizational restructuring.
A portion of an employee’s pay that is fronted against their monthly pay. This is typically used for commissioned employees against the amount of commission they are anticipated to earn in a given month.
An employee career development plan allowing employees to alternate between technical, professional or managerial positions over the course of their careers while they simultaneously receive higher compensation and gain higher status levels within the organization.
A critical component of mergers and acquisitions, it is the process by investigation and evaluation is conducted to examine the details of a particular investment or purchase by obtaining sufficient and accurate information or documents which may influence the outcome of the transaction
Certain employers, including private businesses with at least 100 employees, must file an EEO-1 report annually with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). The report includes workforce demographic data, including job categories, race/ethnicity, and sex.
Method of determining adverse impact. Selection rates for any group that are less than 80 percent (four-fifths) of the rate for other groups is evidence of a violation of this rule.
Describes the mental ability an individual possesses enabling him or her to be sensitive and understanding to the emotions of others, as well as to manage his or her own emotions and impulses.
A work-based intervention program designed to identify and assist employees in resolving personal problems (i.e., marital, financial or emotional problems, family issues, substance/alcohol abuse) that may be adversely affecting the employee’s performance
The extent to which an employee is committed and emotionally connected to the organization.
An employee’s journey with the organization, including their experiences with their role, workspace, manager, and coworkers.
A written document that provides employees with guidance and information on the employer’s mission, values, policies, procedures, and code of conduct.
A staffing alternative whereby employers form a joint-employment relationship with a leasing agency or professional employer organization (PEO) that takes on the responsibility for various HR-related functions, such as labor law compliance, compensation and benefits administration, record keeping, payroll and employment taxes.
Prohibits most private employers from requiring employees or candidates for employment to submit to a lie detector test. The only time an employer may ask (but not require) an employee to take a polygraph test is in the conduct of an ongoing investigation into theft, embezzlement or a similar economic loss; or if the employee had access to property that was lost and the employer has a reasonable suspicion that the employee was involved. Employees who take a polygraph test may not be discharged or suffer any other negative consequences solely on the basis of the test, without other supporting evidence. The Act strictly mandates how polygraph tests may be administered and how the results are used.
A recruiting strategy where current employees are rewarded for referring qualified candidates for employment.
The management of activities surrounding employee relationships, including code of conduct and conflict resolution
Organizational policies and practices designed to meet the diverse needs of employees and create an environment that encourages employees to remain employed
An online HR portal that allows employees to complete certain HR-related tasks instead of relying on the HR team. These tasks include enrolling in and managing benefits, retrieving pay stubs, and updating personal or tax information
A trust established by a corporation that operates as a tax-qualified defined contribution retirement plan, but unlike traditional defined contribution plans, employer contributions are invested in the company's stock.
An employer-sponsored plan that allows employees to purchase company stock below the fair market value.
A term used to describe a public or private employer whose practices, policies, benefits and overall work conditions have enabled it to successfully attract and retain talent because employees choose to work there.
A legal doctrine that states that an employment relationship may be terminated by the employer or employee at any time and for any or no reason.
A formal, legally binding agreement between an employer and employee outlining terms of employment such as duration, compensation, benefits, etc.
A combination of marketing, communication and technology used by an organization intended to give it greater visibility amongst a large population within a short time-frame.
Conducted annually as part of the Department of Labor’s National Compensation Survey program, the Employment Cost Index measures the relative changes in wages, benefits and bonuses for a specific group of occupations.
Occurs when an employee is terminated as a result of position elimination.
The federal, state, and local laws that specify the responsibilities of employers and the rights of employees.
An assessment of an employer’s current policies and practices to determine potential areas of liability (i.e., discrimination, wrongful discharge and other violations of employee rights) typically conducted by an outside consulting or legal firm.
An insurance plan that provides employers with protection against claims of discrimination, wrongful termination, sexual harassment or other employment related issues made by employees, former employees or potential employees
The grounds on which a lawsuit is based, such as wrongful discharge, negligence or invasion of privacy
Enabling an individual to have responsibility, control and decision-making authority over the work he or she performs.
A process that systematically surveys and interprets relevant data to identify external opportunities and threats
An employer’s commitment to fair treatment of employees in all aspects of employment, including hiring, promotion, and training — without regard to race, national origin, color, age, sex, religion, disability, or other protected class.
Federal and state organizations focused on ensuring that all employees are treated fairly and have the same employment opportunities by preventing discriminatory practices.
The design of the equipment, furniture, machinery or tools used in the workplace that promotes safety, efficiency and productivity and reduces discomfort and fatigue.
A rating error occurring when the rater displays a propensity to assign only average ratings to all individuals being rated.
An error occurring when raters assign ratings based on comparisons between individuals being rated instead of using previously established organizational standards.
A rating error occurring when the rater assigns a rating based on individuals’ positive or negative characteristics.
Occurs when no established organizational standards for rating an individual exist, and raters use different strategies for assigning ratings.
An error in rating, which occurs when raters are inclined to allow their own personal characteristics or values to affect the ratings they assign
Occurs when raters assign a rating based on the individual’s short-term versus long-term job performance.
Occurs when a rating is assigned based on impracticable standards established by the rater.
An insurance policy providing businesses with coverage and protection against potential lawsuits from clients or customers
An appraisal strategy requiring the rater to provide a narrative description of an individual’s performance based on the rater’s performance observations.
The primary job duties that an employee must be able to carry out, with or without reasonable accommodation.
A philosophy principle concerned with opinions about appropriate and inappropriate moral conduct or behavior by an individual or social group.
A term used to define the highest-ranking individual or group of individuals reporting to a board of directors who have managerial or administrative authority for the business operations of the entire organization, business unit, or function.
Compensation packages specifically designed for executive-level employees that include items such as base salary, bonuses, perquisites and other personal benefits, stock options and other related compensation and benefit provisions.
Training and educational programs designed to increase performance and further the development of leadership skills for executive and senior-level managerial employees.
An official presidential directive that has the same force as a law.
A program designed to provide displaced senior-level managerial and professional employees with career management and transition services that go above and beyond what is typically offered through a customary outplacement program
A team building and development approach designed for executive-level managers; conducted off-site and typically lasts from a few days to a week
Employees who are excluded from minimum wage and/or overtime pay regulations. Exempt employees typically include salaried executive, administrative, and professional employees.
An interview conducted at the time of an employee’s resignation, used to identify the underlying factors behind an employee’s decision to leave.
An employee who is transferred to work abroad on a long-term job assignment.
A motivational theory concluding that individuals feel a sense of pleasure and gratification when they have completed a challenging task and therefore are generally more motivated.
The process of comparing an organization’s current policies and practices to that of a competitor organization(s) to determine current and future trends in areas of employment and business practice (i.e., compensation, benefits, HR practices).
Organizationally controlled incentives, such as pay, benefits, incentives, achievement awards, etc., used to reinforce motivation and increase performance.
Work-related rewards that have a measurable monetary value, unlike intrinsic rewards, such as praise or satisfaction in a job well done.
Making a decision regarding the appropriateness of a test or other assessment instrument based on appearance rather than objective criteria
A trainer who assists a group in learning or reaching a specific goal by directing and controlling the group process and allowing the group to work collectively to resolve problems and come up with solutions
The process of utilizing an impartial third party, not employed by the organization, to examine all pertinent facts surrounding a complaint.
An informal meeting directed by the EEOC to settle discrimination complaints between an employer and the plaintiff
A job comparison process involving ranking each individual job by certain selected compensable factors to establish appropriate values to be used in determining pay rates
Used in the job evaluation process, it is the process of assigning a weight to compensable factors to determine their relative worth.
A small group of individuals who are interviewed through structured facilitator-led discussions in order to solicit opinions, thoughts and ideas about a particular subject or topic area.
An appraisal rating method intended to prevent rater errors by requiring the rater to force ratings into a bell-shaped curve.
A performance appraisal system where raters are asked to identify a certain percentage of employees who are top performers ready for advancement and those employees falling into the bottom percentage who must improve or leave the organization.
A business analysis conducted in order to assess what future trends are likely to happen, especially in connection with a particular situation, function, practice or process that is likely to affect the organization’s business operations
Bargaining that takes place at a department or unit level which may lead to an unwritten consensus to ignore certain provisions of a collective bargaining agreement
Employment benefits granted to employees in addition to their current base salary or wages (i.e., cash, merchandise, services, health insurance, pension plans, holidays, paid vacations, etc.).
The number of hours an employee needs to work over a certain period of time to be considered full-time. What constitutes FTE hours may be determined by a specific statute (e.g., the Affordable Care Act).
A benefit plan where the employer contracts with another organization to assume financial responsibility for the enrollees’ medical claims and for all incurred administrative costs.
A group of employees who are responsible for a particular function within the organization.
When an employer places an employee on temporary, unpaid, and involuntary leave of absence, typically in response to an economic decline or government shutdown
Refers to the employment contract restrictions used as a means of protecting the organization’s trade secrets or proprietary information.
A group incentive plan used to enhance productivity by sharing with a group a percentage of the gains the organization realizes from specific group efforts.
A court order requiring an employer to withhold a certain percentage from an employee’s pay in order to settle a debt with a creditor.
The average difference in earnings between men and women who work on a full-time or part-time basis
A data privacy regulation established by the European Union (EU) that strives to protect the personal data of EU residents. This includes data held by employers of EU residents.
An individual who possesses the capabilities to perform more than one diversified function, rather then specializing in or having responsibility for one specific function.
Contingent workers, such as independent contractors and freelancers, who normally perform temporary work for multiple clients.
Used to describe the invisible barrier keeping women from advancing into executive-level positions.
The term used to describe increasingly mobile organizations that are performing their operations in foreign countries.
Pay practices relating to employees who are working on assignments in international locations. A service premium and additional incentives are often included in the compensation package to offset differences in taxes and cost of living
The process of transferring an individual’s residence from the United States to a foreign country for the purpose of completing an international job assignment.
A statement outlining the long-term results, accomplishments or objectives an organization seeks to attain.
How well a contractor has progressed toward meeting employment or promotion targets set to correct under-utilization of protected class members.
The process of setting and assigning a set of specific and attainable goals to be met by an individual, group or organization.
The term used to describe individuals such as scientists, engineers and other highly skilled employees who are in high demand and short supply.
Most often used in executive compensation to tie valuable employees to the company. Usually expressed in stock options that vest over time. If the employee leaves before the stock’s vesting date, they lose the benefit.
Typically used when an executive is fired. This provides a financial benefit for the terminated employee to encourage an easy, drama-free transition.
The principles applied to conducting negotiations where two parties meet and confer at reasonable times with open minds and the intention of reaching an agreement.
The effort and action an organization puts forth to correct goals and specific problem areas.
A schedule used for vesting purposes, in which the vesting occurs over a period of five to 15 years
An informal communication channel used to transmit information or rumors from one person to another.
A concern or complaint that an employee has about their work environment, working conditions, job duties, or a coworker
The process and guidelines to be followed by employees, management or the union when resolving differences or conflicts
A serious action taken by an employee, resulting in immediate dismissal — such as gross negligence, theft, or physical violence.
The difference between the price a certain product is sold at and the cost of producing the product
The social manner in which people interact with each other within a group.
An interviewing method where a prospective employee is interviewed by a small group of his or her peers
Used as a cost-cutting measure, it incorporates the same principles as individual outplacement benefits (i.e., providing job counseling, training and other services to displaced employees) with the exception that counseling is performed on a group vs. individual basis.
A form of interviewer bias, occurring when the interviewer rates or judges an individual based on the individual’s positive or strongest traits, allowing their overall perception of the person to overshadow any negative traits. Referred to as the “halo effect” when it works in the candidate’s favor or the “horn effect” when it works against the candidate.
Unwelcome behavior that is based on a protected class, such as race, color, national origin, sex, older age, disability, religion, or genetic information. Harassment includes hostile, intimidating, or abusive conduct
A term produced as a result of an experiment conducted by Elton Mayo whereby he concluded that expressing concern for employees and treating them in a manner that fulfills their basic human needs and wants will ultimately result in better performance
A special payment made in addition to an individual’s salary for accepting assignments at locations where there is threat of physical danger or for performing positions that are hazardous to the individual’s health and well-being.
Refers to average number of people employed directly by the company on a full-time and part-time basis.
A psychology theory ascribed to Abraham H. Maslow, in which he proposed that people will constantly seek to have their basic needs (sleep, food, water, shelter, etc.) fulfilled and that such needs ultimately determine behavior.
An employee who has the ability, desire, and drive to elevate to (and thrive) in higher-level positions, typically management roles.
Also known as job rotation, it is a job enlargement method whereby employees are shifted between various comparable jobs in an effort to prevent boredom and boost morale.
A flat organizational structure that consists of fewer hierarchical levels. Such organizational structures often rely on the use of cross-functional teams.
Sexual or other discriminatory conduct that is so severe and pervasive that it interferes with an individual’s ability to perform the job, creates an intimidating, offensive, threatening or humiliating work environment or causes a situation where a person’s psychological well-being is adversely affected.
A leveraged purchase of a company that goes against the wishes of the target company's management and board of directors.
A method of saving office space in which workers do not have their own desk but share the same desk at different times during the day or week.
The practice of not assigning offices on a permanent basis to individuals who telecommute. Instead, offices are assigned by calling in and reserving an office or workstation in advance.
A training method whereby participants are divided into small groups, given a specific problem to handle within a short period of time (typically less then 10 minutes) and then report their findings back to the larger collective group.
The process of collecting and applying HR data to enhance employee performance and business outcomes
An extensive set of practices and tools that employers use to recruit, manage, and develop employees. recently, HCM has been replaced with the more friendly term People Operations.
The process of assessing HR programs and services to determine effectiveness or efficiency.
A set of planned activities intended to provide the organization with the skills it requires to meet current and future business demands.
Software that integrates human resources management and information technology.
A suite of HR software applications that employers leverage to manage a range of HR activities, such as recruiting, hiring, compensation, benefits, and employee performance (e.g, SoftSUITE, SeamlessHR, BambooHR etc.)
Measurements used to determine the value and effectiveness of HR strategies. Typically includes such items as cost per hire, turnover rates/costs, training and human capital ROI, labor /productivity rates and costs, benefit costs per employee, etc
The process of anticipating future staffing needs and ensuring that a sufficient pool of talent possessing the skills and experience needed will be available to meet those needs.
A term used to define an individual who has expertise and responsibility for a specific area or function in the field of Human Resources (i.e. compensation, benefits, employee relations, etc.)
An organization whose structure is comprised of both vertical and horizontal models.
Studies conducted by Frederick Herzberg used to better understand employee attitudes and motivation and what factors cause job satisfaction and dissatisfaction.
A beginning exercise, game or simulation used as a means to reduce tension and create a more relaxed atmosphere during training programs.
Regulated by federal and state statutes, identity theft occurs when a person fraudulently obtains and uses another person's personal information, such as name, Social Security number, credit card number, etc., without that person’s authorization, consent or knowledge.
Foreign nationals who are hired to fill highly skilled vacancies due to a labor shortage.
Selection rate, for an employment opportunity, for a group of people in a protected class, divided by the selection rate for the group with the highest selection rate. For an adverse employment situation, the impact ratio is the rate of the group with the lowest rate divided by the rate of the group in question. Impact ratios are compared to the 80 percent rule to determine adverse impact.
Additional pay earned on top of a base salary based on attaining documented goals.
A plan providing additional compensation intended to serve as an incentive for excellent performance, exceeding productivity goals or standards, as well as other contributions in accordance with prescribed goals or standards
An employee stock option plan that allows options to be granted or exercised on a tax-deferred basis. All gains on options are taxed only when the holder sells the stock
Indicates the number of workplace injuries/illnesses and the number of lost work days per 100 employees
An EAP program which is conducted by a trained professional counselor hired as an employee by the employer to handle all aspects of the company’s EAP.
A self-employed individual. The contractor’s client (or the payer) has the right to control and direct only the result of the work — not what will be done or how it will be done.
Compensation that is not paid directly to an employee and is calculated in addition to base salary and incentive pay (i.e., health/dental/vision insurance, vacation, retirement benefits, educational benefits, relocation expenses, etc.).
Expenses, such as fringe benefits, overhead, utilities, rent or equipment, that have been incurred for the purpose of common general activities and cannot be identified or charged directly to the production of a specific project.
Used to define labor that is necessary to support the manufacturing of a product, but is not directly involved with the actual process of manufacturing the product
Programs designed to introduce and acclimate newly hired employees into the organization
The involvement and empowerment of employees in decision-making within the organization by such methods as joint labor-management committees, work teams, quality circles, employee task forces, etc
Applied psychology concerned with the study of human behavior in the workplace and how to efficiently manage an industrial labor force and problems encountered by employees.
Programs designed to get employees who have been injured on the job back into the workforce and off workers’ compensation.
An individual’s agreement to allow something to transpire subsequent to the individual having been informed of associated risks involved and alternatives.
An order from the court requiring someone to perform, or stop performing, a certain act. For example, an injunctive relief may require an employer to stop putting discriminatory questions on their job application.
A foreign national transferred to a home country headquarter on a long-term assignment.
A form of employee counseling geared toward acclimating recently promoted or transferred employees into their new positions or providing current employees guidance on the steps they need to take to be considered for promotion or transfer to alternative positions.
Refers to the process of internally administering employee benefit plans or other programs, as opposed to utilizing the services of a third-party provider.
The maximum number of trainees assigned per trainer.
Workplace insubordination occurs when an employee intentionally disobeys their employer’s legal and reasonable orders. Insubordination usually leads to disciplinary action.
Nonmonetary reinforcing, such as praise, given to an employee in recognition of a job well done or a particular achievement
A pre-employment psychological assessment tool used to gauge an applicant’s honesty.
Property which is protected under federal law, including trade secrets, confidential or proprietary information, copyright-able or creative works, ideas, patents or inventions.
The measure of an individual’s cognitive abilities, as measured by an intelligence test.
Under FMLA, intermittent and reduced schedule leave is used to describe leave that is not taken on a consecutive basis but rather taken in increments of days or hours.
The process of conducting an in-house examination of one or more of an organization’s processes, functions, programs, etc.
A term used to refer to employees’ perceived fairness of a company’s pay structure as it relates to their responsibilities, compensation, benefits, and working conditions compared with those of other employees in similar or like positions.
The practice of assessing the employer’s current workforce to determine whether or not current employees possess the required skills or qualifications to fill specific vacancies either through promotion or transfer
A pool of former employees who are called upon and hired to fill temporary staffing needs on an as-needed basis.
A partnership between an organization and an educational institution, whereby students are hired by an employer for a specified period of time into a professional or technical position that correlates with their area of study in order to provide them with hands-on experience and prepare them for the workforce.
Refers to the process of communicating with another person or group to express feelings, thoughts or information by means of physical gestures or verbal exchanges
EEOC issued guidelines defining sexual harassment and the employer’s responsibility for maintaining a workplace environment which is free from sexual harassment or intimidation
Discrimination not just because of one protected trait (e.g., race), but also because of the intersection of two or more protected bases (e.g., race and sex).
Used during the selection process, an interview is a face-to-face meeting with an individual or group, which involves asking questions to elicit information from the applicant to determine whether or not an applicant is suitable for a position of employment.
The ratio of the numbers of individuals interviewed to actual offers extended.
A reward given to an employee for achievement of a particular goal, objective or project.
Developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), it is a set of standards for quality management systems that is accepted around the world. Organizations that conform to these standards can receive ISO 9000 certification. The standard intended for quality management system assessment and registration is ISO 9001. The standards apply uniformly to organizations of any size or description
A document consisting of information or instructions used to guide the user on how to perform a task correctly.
The systematic process of gathering and examining and interpreting data regarding the specific tasks comprising a job.
Refers to pools of retired employees who are used by employers to fill part-time or temporary position needs
A method of evaluation used for job comparisons, which groups jobs into a prearranged number of grades, each having a class description and a specified pay range.
Identification numbers assigned to specific jobs or job tasks.
A written description of a job which includes information regarding the general nature of the work to be performed, specific responsibilities and duties, and the employee characteristics required to perform the job.
Occurs when an employee’s position is eliminated.
A method used to keep workers motivated, the process involves adding new tasks which are of the same level of skill and responsibility to a job
The practice of adding tasks to a job as a means of increasing the amount of employee control or responsibility.
Used for compensation planning purposes, it is the process of comparing a job with other jobs in an organization to determine an appropriate pay rate for the job
The group into which jobs of the same or similar worth are placed for determining appropriate rates of pay.
A division within the contractor's workforce for the purposes of analyzing the workforce for Under-utilization. Job grouping is done to group job titles together based on similarity of job content, pay rates and opportunities for advancement.
A formal written document that is provided by an employer to a candidate selected for employment which outlines information regarding the employment terms, such as the date employment is to commence, the position the individual is being hired to perform, the agreed upon salary, benefits to be provided, etc. The employer usually requires the candidate to sign and return the letter as a formal acceptance of employment.
The method of advertising for vacancies internally by posting a notice of the opening on a bulletin board, etc.
The process of determining pay rates for jobs within the organization by analyzing industry or regional salary survey data in order to establish appropriate job pay rates.
The process of ranking all jobs within the organization in order of importance or worth.
The process of restructuring a job by adding, changing or eliminating certain tasks or functions in order to make the job more satisfying or challenging
Laws enacted in several states meant to provide employers with protection from liability when disclosing information regarding current or former employees. Typically for an employer to be immune from liability the reference provided must be factual and truthful, based on documented information and not be given with malicious intent.
The requirement that an employer be able to demonstrate that a particular action, policy or job requirement is related to the actual job.
The practice of transferring employees for temporary periods of time between varying jobs within an organization. Often used as a training and development method.
During the selection process, the term refers to the practice of observing and measuring how an applicant actually performs certain selected job tasks.
Used to define how an employee feels regarding their job, work environment, pay, benefits, etc.
Refers to the process of migrating job listings to a job board from job boards where they were initially posted to enhance job site listings or hits.
A temporary, unpaid work experience opportunity where students learn about a particular job (typically in a field of interest) by walking through the work day as a shadow to an employee.
The practice of two different employees performing the tasks of one full-time position.
A specific name given to a particular job which is used to distinguish that job from other jobs within the organization.
A leadership disclosure and feedback model which can be used in performance measurement and features the four quadrants (windows) of “knowing”. Quadrant I – represents the area of free activity or public area, refers to behavior and motivation known to self and known to others. Quadrant II – represents the blind area, where others can see things in ourselves of which we are unaware. Quadrant III – represents the avoided or hidden areas, represents things we know but do not reveal to others, (e.g., a hidden agenda, or matters about which we have sensitive feelings). Quadrant IV -represents the areas of unknown activity, in which neither the individual nor others are aware of certain behaviors or motives.
The relationship between a Professional employer organization or employee leasing firm and an employer, based on a contractual sharing of liability and responsibility for employees.
A panel comprised of management and union committee representatives whose purpose is to address problems, resolve conflicts and build on relationships
A legal term used as the guiding principle utilized by employers whenever engaging in some form of corrective action or discipline for employees. Just cause is determined by examining the reasonableness of the discipline according to a set of guiding principles (i.e. was the employee adequately forewarned that the particular behavior would result in discipline or termination; management conducted a fair and objective investigation of the facts prior to administering any discipline; rules, orders, and disciplinary action must be applied in a consistent and non-discriminatory manner; discipline must be reasonably related to the seriousness of the offense and the employee’s past work record, etc.)
Under FMLA statutes, a key employee is defined as a salaried employee who is among the highest-paid 10% of all workers employed by the employer within a 75- mile radius. Under ERISA, a key employee is defined as a plan participant who is a highly compensated officer or company owner.
Key Performance Indicators are quantifiable, specific measures of an organization’s performance in a certain area(s) of its business. . The purpose of KPI’s is to provide the company with quantifiable measurements of things it has determined are important to the organizational or business long-term goals and critical success factors . Once uncovered and properly analyzed, KPI’s can be used to understand and improve organizational performance and overall success. Also referred to as Key success indicators.
Used to establish standards and objectives, key result areas are the chief tasks of a job identified during the job evaluation process.
The parts of an organization’s intangible assets that relate specifically to knowledge, expertise, information, ideas, best practices, intellectual property and other capabilities.
A salary differentiation system that bases compensation on an individual’s education, experience, knowledge, skills or specialized training. Also referred to as skill-based pay.
The individual who facilitates the creation, sharing and use of knowledge in an organization by linking individuals with providers.
Knowledge integration is broadly defined as the assimilation, extraction, transformation and loading of information from disparate systems into a single more unified, consistent and accurate data store used for evaluating, manipulating and reporting information.
The process of creating, acquiring, sharing and managing knowledge to augment individual and organizational performance.
A process used to create a summation of the knowledge an organization will need in order to support its overall goals, objectives, strategies and missions.
The knowledge, skills, and abilities that a person must have to perform the requirements of the role. KSAs are included in the job description.
Employees whose job functions are primarily of an intellectual nature.
The number of employed individuals in the civilian workforce and armed services.
Federal and state regulations requiring employers to post in conspicuous places a variety of labor law posters, including, but not limited to, information regarding employee rights under EEO, FMLA, OSHA, ADA, FLSA, as well as other labor laws
A binding agreement governing wages, benefits, representation rights and other working conditions between a labor union and management.
The correlation between a given output and the percentage of labor time used to produce the output.
A temporary termination of employees, or the elimination of jobs, during periods of economic downturn or organizational restructuring
The process, by which an individual determines direction, influences a group and directs the group toward a specific goal or organizational mission
Formal and informal training, professional development programs designed for all management and executive-level employees to assist them in developing the leadership skills and styles required to deal with a variety of situations.
Learning styles are defined, classified, and identified in various ways. Broadly speaking, they are overall patterns that provide direction to learning and teaching. Learning style can also be described as a set of factors, behaviors, and attitudes that facilitate learning for an individual in a particular situation.
A leave program allowing employees to donate unused sick leave to a coworker who has exhausted all available sick leave and is out due to a long-term illness or injury
Defaming or harming an individual’s reputation in writing
A process that begins with an identifiable work need, and then continues through a sourcing and search strategy, then progresses to a pre-qualification and assessment strategy, and concludes with hire. The cycle repeats itself again with next vacancy.
A series of related jobs in a promotional sequence generally starting with less difficult, lower-paying jobs and progressing to more difficult, higher-paying jobs. Often, the lower jobs provide required training for movement to the higher-level jobs.
A legal proceeding occurring in a federal or state court of law to determine and enforce legal rights.
A wage rate that is sufficient for a worker and his or her family to exist comfortably.
The strategy of applying locale-specific terminology and data to a specific product or application in order to meet the language, cultural and other requirements of a specific market.
An OSHA standard helping safeguard employees from hazardous energy while they are performing service or maintenance on machines and equipment. The standard identifies the practices and procedures necessary to shut down and lock out or tag out machines and equipment, requires that employees receive training in their role in the lockout/tagout program and mandates that periodic inspections be conducted to maintain or enhance the energy control program.
An insurance plan that provides coverage for individuals with long-term illnesses or disabilities by paying in whole or in part for long-term medical and non-medical care services.
Refers to the particular number of days an employee is absent from work due to an injury or illness or the number of days which the employee is on restricted duty.
A fixed negotiated payment that is not typically included in an employee’s annual salary; often times given in lieu of pay increases.
A performance appraisal strategy in which subordinates determine and set goals for themselves based on the overall goals and objectives for the organization.
An individual who works independently to assist and advise clients with managerial responsibilities regarding various organizational issues.
Training and developmental programs designed to provide new managers and existing managers with the resources needed to become more effective in their roles.
An employee who meets the salary basis test and regularly manages or supervises two or more employees
The process of assessing an employer’s current workforce content and composition in order to anticipate future staffing requirements needed to meet business goals and requirements.
An organizational structure where employees report to more than one manager or supervisor.
The average wage for a worker in a specified position or occupation, which is determined by adding together the total wages for all incumbents in a specific position or occupation and then dividing it by the total number of incumbents.
The middle value in a series of values arranged in rank order.
The margin between the highest paid 50 percent and the lowest paid 50 percent of workers in a specific position or occupation.
A private negotiation and decision-making process in which a mediator assists individuals or groups in finding a resolution to a particular issue or conflict
A savings account funded by employees through pretax contributions; can be used to pay for co-payments, deductibles or medical expenses not covered by a health insurance benefit plan.
A medical evaluation conducted on a post-offer basis by a company physician or an independent physician to ascertain whether or not a candidate is able to perform the physical requirements of a particular job
A career development method whereby less experienced employees are matched with more experienced colleagues for guidance either through formal or informal programs.
The joining of two or more different organizations under one common owner and management structure.
A measure used to determine the effectiveness and value of implemented HR programs in increasing performance and profits.
A compensation system whereby base pay increases are determined by individual performance.
The attributes of a job description which establishes a baseline for meeting the qualifications for a particular position.
The smallest hourly wage that an employee may be paid for all hours worked, as mandated by federal or state law
Men and women of those minority groups for whom EEO-1 reporting is required; that is, black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander, American Indian or Alaskan Native. The term may refer to these groups in the aggregate or to an individual group.
A small business enterprise that is at least 51 percent owned by one or more minorities or, in the case of a publicly owned business, at least 51 percent of all classes or types of the stock is owned by one or more minorities and whose management and daily business operations are controlled by one or more minorities.
A statement illustrating what the company is, what the company does and where the company is headed.
Working one or more full- or part-time jobs in addition to an individual’s regular full-time job.
A psychological test used to assess an individual’s personality type.
The country--including those that no longer exist--of one's birth or of one's ancestors' birth. "National origin" and "ethnicity" often are used interchangeably, although "ethnic group" can refer to religion or color, as well as country of one's ancestry
A method of analyzing how employee skill deficits can be addressed through current or future training and professional development programs, as well as determining the types of training/development programs required and how to prioritize training/development
A claim made against an employer based on the premise of an employer’s obligation to not hire an applicant the employer knew or should have known was unsuitable and likely to behave inappropriately toward other employees
Negligent referral is defined as the failure of an employer to disclose complete and factual information about former or current employee to another employer.
The act of failing to take appropriate disciplinary action (i.e., termination) against an employee the employer knew or should have known was unsuitable
Favoritism shown to relatives by individuals in a position of authority, such as managers or supervisors.
Refers to Internet use rules of conduct, involving respecting others' privacy and not doing anything online that is offensive, annoying or frustrating to other people.
A consensus planning tool used to identify the strengths of an organization, department or division, whereby participants are brought together to discuss important issues, problems and solutions.
A contract restricting an employee from obtaining employment with a competitor within a specified industry, distance and/or time frame.
Failure to follow equal employment opportunity or affirmative action guidelines and the regulations applicable to them.
A contract restricting an employee from disclosing confidential or proprietary information.
The practice of not discriminating against members of disadvantaged or protected groups in hiring practices, policies, benefits or conditions of employment
Used to define occupations or specific fields where women typically comprise less than 25 percent of the workforce.
A method of projecting future needs in order to determine what developments will be required to meet those needs.
In wrongful discharge cases, this doctrine is used to determine whether or not an employer gave an employee adequate advanced notice of the potential consequences if a specific behavior or conduct was not improved upon.
A specification of what is to be accomplished, the time-frame in which it is to be accomplished and by whom.
The process of observing employees while performing their respective jobs or tasks, used to collect data regarding specific jobs or tasks.
Defined by OSHA as "any abnormal condition or disorder, other than one resulting from an occupational injury, caused by exposure to factors associated with employment."
Used to classify specific occupations into a specific category, such as professionals, technical/hi-tech, administrative/clerical, sales, service, retail, etc.
An injury sustained during the course of employment, which results in the employee requiring medical treatment other then minor first aid and which results in the employee being absent from work as a result of such injury for one or more work days or results in work restrictions
A law setting forth standards that employers must comply with in order to provide working conditions that are safe and free from any health hazards for all employees. Additionally, the law also requires employers to provide employees with protection against workplace hazards that could result in illness, injury or death to an individual, as well as to communicate to employees the information on hazardous materials or chemicals they may be required to handle.
Used to define the periods of time during which an employee is totally and completely relieved of any and all job duties and is free to attend to his or her own personal activities
The practice of relocating business processes, such as production/manufacturing, to a lower cost international location.
A neutral third party that helps individuals or groups in conflict resolve disputes by mediating, coaching and facilitating communication between the parties and recommending an appropriate resolution.
Additional compensation awarded to employees who are required to remain on call during off-duty hours.
Used to define periods of time when an employee is off duty but is required to remain on or close to the company premises or to respond to a call or page within a specified period of time, resulting in the employee being unable to effectively use such time to attend to his or her own personal activities
Training provided to employees by managers and supervisors; conducted at the actual worksite utilizing demonstration and actual performance of job tasks to be accomplished
A management strategy emphasizing employee empowerment by making the organization’s financial data available to all employees. The goal of this type of management program is to make employees view themselves as more of a business partner and increase their awareness of how their actions and decisions affect the organization’s bottom line.
The period of time designated by the employer’s health or other benefit plan when employees may enroll in new benefit plans or make changes to existing benefit plans.
An organization that hires workers without regard to their membership in a labor union.
A detailed projection of all projected income and expenses during a specified future period.
A written document issued by government agencies used to provide a ruling on a particular issue
A tool used to solicit and assess employee opinions, feelings, perceptions and expectations regarding a variety of managerial and organizational issues.
An employer benefit plan provision that offers cash, extra benefits or additional credits in return for an employee reducing the level of benefits he or she selects under a flexible benefit/cafeteria-style program or providing extra cash compensation to those employees who choose not to elect any benefit coverage.
A verbal warning given to an employee by a manager or supervisor as a means of correcting inappropriate behavior or conduct.
A motivational theory suggesting that an individual will behave in a manner that helps him or her avoid potential negative outcomes and achieve agreeable outcomes.
Refers to organization-wide changes, such as restructuring operations, introducing new technologies, processes, services or products, implementing new programs, re-engineering, etc.
A graphic representation outlining how authority and responsibility are distributed within an organization.
An organization’s attitude and values regarding itself, employees, customers and the general public. It encompasses the manner things are done within the organization based on defined policies and practices
The process of establishing and arranging the elements of an organization’s structure.
A planned organization-wide effort to improve and increase the organization’s effectiveness, productivity, return on investment and overall employee job satisfaction through planned interventions in the organization's processes.
The process of transforming an organization’s goals, objectives, philosophy and mission into practices and policies
An organizational display is a detailed graphical or tabular chart, text, spreadsheet or similar presentation of the contractor's organizational structure. It must identify each organizational unit in the establishment and show the relationship of each organizational unit to the other organizational units in the establishment.
An organizational profile is a depiction of the staffing pattern within an establishment. It is one method contractors use to determine whether barriers to equal employment opportunity exist in their organizations. It provides an overview of the workforce at the establishment that may assist in identifying organizational units where women or minorities are underrepresented or concentrated.
The design of an organization that identifies the organization’s hierarchical reporting and authority relationships.
The process of evaluating and analyzing an organization’s structure and other major components to determine whether they are suitably meeting the organization’s current and future needs.
An organizational unit is any component that is part of the contractor's corporate structure. In a more traditional organization, it might be a department, division, section, branch or group. In a less traditional organization, it might be a project team or job family.
The introduction of employees to their jobs, co-workers and the organization by providing them with information regarding such items as policies, procedures, company history, goals, culture and work rules.
A strategy used to evaluate and measure the results of an instructional method or program.
A benefit offered by the employer to displaced employees that may consist of such services as job counseling, training and job-finding assistance.
A contractual agreement between an employer and an external third-party provider whereby the employer transfers responsibility and management for certain HR, benefit or training-related functions or services to the external provider.
A method of keeping employees informed of company programs and services available to them by utilizing such things as postings, newsletters, memos or meetings.
It is the term used to define work that is performed in excess of 40 hours per week.
A benefit program granting employees a bank consisting of a specific number of paid days that can be used for absences related to sickness, vacation or personal reasons
A benefit program granting employees a specific number of vacation or personal days off which that are paid by the employer. The number of days is generally based on the employer’s policy for accrual of paid time off.
A form of rating, in which the rater compares, one by one, the performance of each member in a group with the performance of every other member in the group.
A benefit designed to provide employees with approved paid or unpaid time off following the birth or adoption of a child or to care for a dependent.
A bar graph used to rank in order of importance information such as causes or reasons for specific problems, so that measures for process improvement can be established.
An illness or injury that prevents an individual from performing one or more functions of his or her job.
A management style, developed by Motorola, that involves employees in the decision-making process.
An individual who continually works less than 40 hours per week (standard workweek hours are based on individual employer policy, therefore, a 40-hour workweek is only a guideline; this number could be higher or lower).
A benefit designed to provide fathers of newborn children with paid or unpaid time off from work following the birth of the child.
Any change made to the pay rate of an employee, such as an increase or decrease to the rate of pay.
An agreement between an employer and an employee used primarily for relocated employees, stating that an employee will not voluntarily terminate his or her employment with the organization for a specified duration of time, effective from the date of relocation. Failure to abide by the terms of the agreement results in the employee being responsible for paying back a portion of any and all costs incurred by the employer on the employee’s behalf. Also used by employers that pay for expensive job-related or professional development training or educational courses.
A situation occurring when only a small difference in pay exists between employees, regardless of their knowledge, skills, abilities or experience. Oftentimes, it is the result of a market-rate for a given job surpassing the increases historically awarded to long-term employees.
A method used to group jobs together that have approximately the same relative internal worth and are paid at the same rate.
Associated with pay grades, the range sets the upper and lower compensation boundaries for jobs within that range
Documentation created and maintained by the employer, which contains information regarding hours worked, salaries, wages, commissions, bonuses, vacation/sick pay, contributions to qualified health and pension plans, net pay and deductions for all employees on the employer’s payroll for the year.
A structure of job grades and pay ranges established within an organization. May be expressed as job grades or job evaluation points.
A performance appraisal strategy whereby an employee is reviewed by his or her peers who have sufficient opportunity to examine the individual’s job performance.
An employer benefit plan funded through insurance, a trust, general assets or other separately maintained funds designed to provide employees with a monthly income benefit upon retirement.
A person who does not meet the definition of a disabled individual in accordance with the Americans With Disabilities Act but is regarded by his or her employer as having a mental or physical disability .
A periodic review and evaluation of an individual's job performance.
A variable pay strategy that pays employees based on their individual performance and contributions, rather than the value of the job they are performing.
The process of improving employee performance and productivity by providing the employee with feedback regarding areas where he or she is doing well and areas that may require improvement.
A plan implemented by a manager or supervisor that is designed to provide employees with constructive feedback, facilitate discussions between an employee and his or her supervisor regarding performance-related issues, and outline specific areas of performance requiring improvement.
The process of maintaining or improving employee job performance through the use of performance assessment tools, coaching and counseling as well as providing continuous feedback.
The practice of monitoring employees while they perform their jobs through the use of surveillance cameras, telephone or computer monitoring.
The tasks, functions or behavioral requirements established by the employer as goals to be accomplished by an employee.
A form of incentives generally given to executive employees granting them certain privileges or special consideration, such as memberships in clubs, physical fitness programs, financial counseling, etc
A benefit designed to provide employees with an allotment of paid days off in addition to holidays, sick days or vacation days, which they can use to attend to personal matters.
A test instrument usually involving a standardized series of questions that are used to evaluate an individual’s personality characteristics.
Clothing and other work accessories (i.e., safety glasses, hearing protection, etc.) designed to create a barrier against potential workplace hazards
All information pertaining to individual employees, which is collected and maintained by the employer and is essential to the employer for handling various employment-related matters.
A work schedule arrangement that allows employees to gradually reduce their full-time hours over a period of time.
A test instrument used to determine an individual’s ability to perform the functions or tasks of a job where physical strength or endurance is required.
A medical examination performed by a company physician or an independent physician to ascertain whether or not an individual is able to perform the physical requirements of a particular job.
A per-piece rate system that pays employees based on the number of pieces produced
A written or verbal notice given to employees who are being terminated or laid-off.
An individual or plan sponsor designated by the instrument under which the plan is operated to be responsible for the administration of pension and welfare benefit plans.
A written statement that reflects the employer’s standards and objectives relating to various employee activities and employment-related matters
A workforce planning tool that imposes certain rules or restrictions on the creation, and filling of positions as a means to manage and control the costs associated with any given position within the organization.
A disciplinary strategy geared toward reducing and improving an individual’s unfavorable behavior or conduct by rewarding positive behavior rather than focusing on and punishing negative behavior
The process of acknowledging specific behaviors with positive feedback, such as a smile, praise or reward.
The process of testing an employee involved in a workplace accident for the presence of drugs or alcohol.
Contributions made to a benefit plan that are subject to applicable state or federal tax withholding requirements.
An individual who practices a learned profession.
Used in the test validation process to measure the relationship between test scores and actual job performance
The practice of issuing tests to potential employees on a pre-employment basis in order to determine an applicant’s suitability for a certain position. These tests may include, but are not limited to, drug and alcohol tests, medical examinations, skills tests, physical agility tests, honesty/integrity tests or personality tests.
Any condition for which a person is currently receiving treatment, has been advised to receive treatment or for which a prudent person would seek treatment
Contributions made to a benefit plan that are exempt from all applicable state or federal tax withholding requirements
Additional compensation paid for work performed outside of regularly scheduled work hours.
A benefit plan that provides employees, their spouses or dependents with assistance in obtaining legal services, which have been prepaid in whole or in part by the employer.
Refers to the use of resume boards to determine which current employees are looking for a job online
Typically a provision included in a group health plan designed to provide covered employees and their dependents with payment assistance for medically prescribed drugs.
Used as a form of discipline, it is a specified period of time during which an individual’s performance or conduct is closely monitored.
The term pro forma comes from the Latin phrase meaning, "as a matter of form". The term is very broad and its meaning depends on the context in which it is being used. Basically it is a term used to describe the presentation of data, usually financial statements, where the data reflects information as if the state of the world were different from that which is in fact the case.
A detailed written document designed to assist managers and supervisors in carrying out their day-today responsibilities by acquainting them with all of the organization's policies and the procedures required to implement those policies.
The process of improving business practices or methods by creating and implementing new processes or making changes to existing processes.
An organization that enters into a join-employment relationship with an employer, by leasing employees to the employer, allowing the PEO to share and manage many employer-related responsibilities and liabilities. Employers outsource their human resource functions, such employee benefits, compensation and payroll administration, workers’ compensation and employment taxes.
A qualified retirement plan established and maintained by an employer which enables employees and their beneficiaries to participate in the profits of the employer's business.
A form of discipline whereby increasingly harsher penalties are awarded each time an employee is disciplined for the same or a different performance infraction or policy or work-rule violation. Generally, the sequence is an oral warning to written warnings to suspension and finally termination.
Career advancement within an organization, which includes increased authority, level of responsibility, status and pay.
Information associated with a company's products, business or activities, including such items as financial data; trade secrets; product research and development; product designs; marketing plans or techniques; computer programs; processes; and know-how that has been clearly identified and communicated by the company as proprietary, a trade secret or confidential.
Legal terminology referring to areas protected by federal or state statutes.
A legal term describing certain groups, such as women, older and disabled individuals, Vietnam-era veterans and minorities.
A written, visual or verbal assessment administered to determine cognitive and emotional skills.
A qualified disabled person is an individual with a disability who is capable of performing a particular job, with or without reasonable accommodation.
An order, decree, judgment or administrative notice (including a settlement agreement) that establishes the rights of another person (the “alternate payee”) to benefits; issued by a domestic relations court or other court of competent jurisdiction or through an administrative process established under state law.
An order, decree, judgment or administrative notice order (QMCSO) (including a settlement agreement) requiring health coverage for a child; issued by a domestic relations court or other court of competent jurisdiction or through an administrative process established under state law
Activities or programs whose purpose is to demonstrate and ensure that products and services meet specifications and are consistently of high quality
The process of examining the elements of a quality management system in order to evaluate how well they comply with quality system specifications.
Activities or programs whose purpose is to ensure that all quality specifications for products or services are being met and are of consistently high quality.
Any system or process designed to enhance an organization's ability to meet quality requirements.
A voluntary resignation from employment that is initiated by the employee
In affirmative action systems, it is a means of attempting to achieve workplace balance by hiring and/or promoting specified numbers or ratios of minorities or women in positions from which they have been excluded.
Race is a division of humankind with certain distinguishing characteristics in common which indicate distinctive origins
The practice of adjusting employment test scores to compensate for racial differences.
Drug and alcohol tests administered by an employer that selects employees to be tested on a random basis
A rating method where the performance of a group, process or product is arranged in a particular order, such as highest to lowest
Modifying or adjusting a job process or a work environment to better enable a qualified individual with a disability to be considered for or perform the essential functions of a job.
A standard used in sexual harassment suits, referring to conduct or behavior so offensive in nature that any reasonable person, regardless of sex, would agree the conduct or behavior should be illegal.
A drug or alcohol test administered to an employee due to a performance or policy infraction or poor or erratic behavior
Transferring individuals to alternative positions where their talents or skills may be best utilized to their own or the organization’s benefit or where they are better able to perform the job in accordance with required standards.
A relationship between states or other taxing jurisdictions whereby privileges granted by one are returned by the other under a reciprocal agreement.
An appraisal method where the subordinate and the manager are evaluated by each other based on agreed upon performance criteria.
An acknowledgement of an employee’s exceptional performance or achievements expressed in the form of praise, commendation or gratitude.
All occupational injuries and illnesses that require more than basic first aid treatment, or deaths that occurred in the workplace.
The practice of soliciting and actively seeking applicants to fill recently vacated or newly created positions using a variety of methods (i.e., internal job postings, advertising in newspapers or electronic job boards/sites, utilizing search firms, or listing position with trade and professional associations, etc).
A pay rate that is above the maximum range assigned to the job grade. Employees are usually not eligible for additional pay increases until the range maximums exceed the individual pay rate.
The reassignment of employees to other departments or functions as an alternative to laying them off.
An involuntary separation of an employee or groups of employees due to economic pressures, lack of work, organizational changes or other reasons of business necessity that require a reduction in staff.
The redesigning of business and work processes, policies or organizational structure.
The process of verifying information supplied by applicants on an application or resume.
A statistical measure used to discover relationships between variables such as performance ratings and promotions
An individual who has been hired by an employer to work a predetermined amount of hours per week in a position/appointment of indefinite duration.
The practice of providing positive feedback to an individual or groups of individuals after completion of a particular project or achievement of a particular goal.
A type of legal written document executed by an employer and signed by an employee whereby the employee relinquishes certain rights in exchange for some form of consideration, such as a benefit the employee would not have otherwise received had he or she not been discharged.
A measure of the ability of a test or other appraisal instrument to evaluate what is being measured on a consistent basis.
Includes all aspects of religious observance and practice and religious beliefs.
An accommodation made for an employee, such as time off from work, so that he or she may observe a religious holiday or attend a religious ceremony or their day of Sabbath such as Saturday or Sunday.
A type of benefit offered to employees who accept work assignments in new locations. Typically takes the form of assistance with moving costs, travel expenses, temporary lodging and home-buying/selling.
A type of employee counseling used to correct performance or behavior-related issues.
Describes a method of teaching intended to help people who have basic skills deficiencies, such reading or writing.
A strategy designed to conquer a deficiency in an employee’s behavior, performance or skills.
Employees who work off company premises and are removed from their supervisors or mangers.
A manager who supervises employees who perform their work at a site other then the employer’s premises.
The process of returning to the country of origin, allegiance, or citizenship after being placed on a long-term international assignment.
An oral or written reproach given to an employee as part of disciplinary action.
The disposition of a disagreement or grievance through alternative dispute resolution methods.
A contract clause requiring executives or other highly skilled employees to refrain from seeking and obtaining employment with competitor organizations in a specific geographical region and for a specified period of time
Changing an organizational structure in order to make it more efficient and cost effective.
A written document outlining an individual’s work experience, skills, educational background, accomplishments and other related information supporting his or her career goal.
A form of discriminatory discharge that occurs when an employer dismisses an employee as retaliation against the employee for a specific action
An incentive payment used to entice employees from leaving the organization. Typically employees are asked to sign an agreement stating they will remain employed for a specific duration or until the completion of a particular task or project in order to be eligible for the bonus.
A pool of retired former employees who are rehired on a temporary or contractual basis.
A written qualified or non-qualified benefit plan, funded by employer and employee contributions, that provides retirement income benefits for employees.
Training that is provided for a certain job to enable an employee to acquire the necessary skills to work with new processes, procedures or equipment.
A ratio of the benefit or profit derived from a specific investment, compared with the cost of the investment itself.
Employment policies or practices that result in discriminatory treatment against applicants or employees who are not minorities or members of a disadvantaged group.
A formal or informal program used to recognize individual employee achievements, such as accomplishment of goals or projects or submission of creative ideas.
An approach to reducing staff, whereby jobs are prioritized in order to identify and eliminate unnecessary work. This method uses a selection criteria based on individual jobs, rather than people, in order to avoid possibly laying off the wrong employees.
An OSHA standard providing workers with protection from hazardous substances in the workplace by requiring employers to keep employees informed of any hazardous substances that they may be working with, as well as the hazards and symptoms associated with the substance.
A letter issued by the EEOC, once a charge has been recorded and processed, informing individuals who filed the charge that they have the right to further pursue their charges in a federal or state court.
A state law preventing labor-management agreements requiring an individual to join a union as a condition of employment
The use of insurance and other strategies in an effort to minimize an organization’s exposure to liability in the event a loss or injury occurs.
A training method in which each participant purposely acts out or assumes a particular character or role
A training method where employees are rotated among a variety of different jobs, departments or company functions for a certain period of time.
An outsourcing method that is based on transferring jobs away from higher cost urban areas to lower cost rural areas.
A voluntary arrangement whereby an employer allows an employee paid or unpaid leave for a specified duration of time in order for the employee to pursue a course of advanced training, teach or perform a public service. In education, it is a period of time college or university teachers are allowed to stop their usual work in order to study or travel, usually while continuing to be paid (typically every seven years).
A teaching tool used to help employees become more safety-conscious in all aspects of safety.
Pay differentials too small to be considered equitable. The term may apply to differences between (1) the pay of supervisors and subordinates; (2) the pay of experienced and newly hired incumbents of the same job; and (3) pay-range midpoints in successive job grades.
A compensation level expressed as a salary range, which has been established for each position within the organization.
A range of pay rates, from minimum to maximum, set for a specific pay grade.
A structure of job grades and pay ranges established within an organization. May be expressed as job grades or job evaluation points.
A compensation system designed for individuals employed in managerial sales or sales representative positions. Individuals are paid on a commission or percentage of sale basis, in accordance with achieving specified sales goals.
Refers to paid union organizers who apply for jobs with an employer for the purpose of organizing the employer’s workforce.
The degree to which a computer application or component can be expanded in size, volume or number of users served and continue to function properly.
A gainsharing program in which employees share in specific cost savings that are due to employee effort. The Scanlon Plan involves much employee participation, predating quality circles with most of the same techniques.
An interviewing format in which each candidate is asked for the same exact information.
Usually the first step taken during the interviewing process, involving reviewing prospective candidate applications/resumes, verifying information supplied by the candidate, conducting interviews and examining test results.
An organization or individual consultants working on a retainer or fee basis who provide the service of searching and screening potential candidates for prospective employers. Typically search firms are retained for higher-level professional or managerial positions.
Any step, combination of steps or procedure used as a basis for any employment decision, including, but not limited to, informal or casual interviews, un-scored application forms, paper and pencil tests, performance tests, training programs, probationary periods and physical, education and work experience requirements, as well as the decision-making process used in determining whether or not to hire or promote
A multi-skilled, cross-functional group of employees possessing full empowerment who share responsibilities for producing a particular service or product.
An individual who has earned income for the current or preceding year from self-employment, or an individual who would have had such income, except for the fact that the relevant business did not incur a profit for the year.
A benefit plan whereby the employer assumes all the risk, paying out for claims but saving the cost of any associated premiums.
A facilitator-directed meeting or conference consisting of groups of individuals gathered to study a specific subject matter.
Semi-skilled workers have to be able to read, write and communicate but are usually not required to have educational or apprenticeship credentials to qualify for jobs. Training time is short, task specific and generally doesn’t require much in terms of reasoning skills.
Status determined by the length of time an employee has worked for a specific employer, department or position within the organization.
A form of individual counseling geared toward increasing self-awareness and sensitivity to others. It aims to assist key employees in developing their leadership skills surrounding issues of diversity and harassment prevention
An illness, injury, impairment or physical or mental condition that involves inpatient care in a hospital, hospice or residential medical care facility; or continuing treatment by a health care provider.
Part of a formal or informal recognition program that rewards employees based on length of service
A form of short-term salary continuation awarded to employees who are being terminated. Severance payments often equal one week's pay for each year of service
The classification of people as male or female.
The Sex Discrimination Act of 1975 prohibits discrimination against individuals based on sex or marital status in areas of employment, education, the provision of goods, facilities and services or in the management of premises.
Discriminatory conduct or actions based on sex or pregnancy, as it relates to conditions of employment, benefits, pay and opportunities for advancement.
Refers to surgical alteration, which is a part of "transition."
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when this conduct explicitly or implicitly affects an individual’s employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual’s work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment.
The scientifically accurate term for an individual's enduring physical, romantic, emotional and/or spiritual attraction to members of the same and/or opposite sex, including lesbian, gay, bisexual and heterosexual orientations. (Closeted describes a person who is not open about his or her sexual orientation.)
An individual or corporation that owns shares in the corporation
Additional compensation, usually expressed as cents per hour, paid as an incentive for employees to accept working a less-then-desirable work shift (i.e., 2 nd or 3 rd shift).
A benefit designed to provide temporary income replacement for worker absent due to illness or injury, but who is expected to return to work within a specified timeframe.
Paid time off granted to employees who are out of work due to an illness or injury.
An instructional method used to teach problem solving, procedures or operations by placing learners in situations akin to reality.
A management theory stating that different situations call for different leadership styles and that essentially there is no one best way to lead.
Six Sigma is a disciplined, data-driven methodology used to eliminate defects and improve processes and cut costs from manufacturing to transactional and from product to service.
Ability to perform a mental or motor activity that contributes to the effective performance of a job task
A salary differentiation system that bases compensation on an individual’s education, experience, knowledge, skills or specialized training.
A deficiency in basic writing, reading, mathematical or oral communication skills.
A list of skills or competencies possessed by an individual.
Training provided to employees to help them ascertain the skills and knowledge necessary to perform their current jobs; also used as a retraining method when new systems or processes are introduced
False defamation expressed as spoken words, signs or gestures, which cause damage to the character or reputation of the individual being defamed
A federal program under the Social Security Act which provides for retirement, disability and other related benefits for workers and their eligible dependents.
A card issued by the Social Security Administration displaying an individual’s full legal name and social security number assigned to the individual.
Skills required to perform a certain job where the job is defined in terms of expected outcomes, but the process to achieve the outcome varies.
An HR application that handles all humman resource processes ranging from entry to exit.
A business enterprise in which an individual is fully and personally liable for all the obligations of the business, is entitled to all profits and exercises complete managerial control.
A management principle expressing that a limit exists to the number of people an individual can effectively and successfully manage
A principle stating that, as an organization grows, work within the organization needs to be divided in order to keep jobs from becoming so specialized or complex that they require a greater range of skills that essentially can not be performed by one individual.
Cash and non-cash awards given to employees for ideas submitted or accomplishments benefiting the organization
The function within an organization responsible for recruitment, screening and selection of employees. Oftentimes, this function may also be responsible for other areas of employment, such as orientation, retention, training and termination of staff.
Measures used to determine costs associated with recruitment and hiring, time to fill/start for open positions and recruiter workload/activity.
The practice of an employer directly hiring an employee on a temporary basis for an indefinite period of time instead of utilizing the services of a temporary staffing agency.
Someone with a vested interest in the successful completion or outcome of a project.
A statistic used as a measure of the dispersion or variation in a distribution, equal to the square root of the arithmetic mean of the squares of the deviations from the arithmetic mean.
Statistical estimate of possible size error present in a test score or other group measure.
Design and implementation of consistent specifications for procedures, practices, materials, machinery or other equipment or other types of products and services.
A form of interviewing that uses the same subject matter and identically sequenced questions, then evaluating responses to determine the differences between candidates.
A written test, the scores of which are interpreted by referencing the scores of a norm group that has taken the test and which is considered to be representative of the population that takes the test.
A score derived from the mean performance of a group on a test, as well as the comparative performance of all the individuals who took the test.
A prescribed written procedure outlining how recurring tasks, duties and functions are to be performed organization-wide.
Laws prescribing deadlines for filing lawsuits within a certain time after events, which are the source of the claim, occur.
Benefits that are mandated by federal or state laws, such as Social Security, unemployment insurance and workers’ compensation.
An organizational program that it that grants employees the option of purchasing a specific number of stock in the company at a future date.
A contract established between a self-insured employer and an insurance provider providing for carrier coverage if a claim incurred exceeds a specified dollar amount over a predetermined period of time
The process of taking a long-term approach to Human Resource Management through the development and implementation of HR programs that address and solve business problems and directly contribute to major long-term business objectives
The process of identifying an organization's long-term goals and objectives and then determining the best approach for achieving those goals and objectives.
The practice of hiring smaller core numbers of permanent employees and utilizing temporary employees to fill more highly specialized positions within the organization
An interviewing style whereby the interviewer subjects a candidate to pressure or stress to ascertain how the candidate reacts under such conditions.
The design and implementation of workplace programs and services intended to combat employee stress and improve overall employee morale, effectiveness and productivity.
Occurs when employees deliberately refuse to perform their jobs and/or form picket lines outside the employer’s premises to prevent or discourage others from working in their place or conducting business with the employer.
A structured interview asks the same questions of each candidate, so that valid comparisons of the quality of responses can be obtained. The questions generally take four job-related forms: situational, observational, personal and behavioral
An individual who has expertise in a business process or specific area.
An appraisal system whereby managerial employees are evaluated by their subordinates.
A company having more than half of its stock owned by another company or is completely owned by another company.
Defined as a destructive pattern of substance (i.e., narcotics or alcohol) use leading to clinically significant social, occupational or medical impairment.
The process of identifying long-range needs and cultivating a supply of internal talent to meet those future needs. Used to anticipate the future needs of the organization and assist in finding, assessing and developing the human capital necessary to the strategy of the organization.
A system allowing employees to voice complaints, make recommendations or submit ideas regarding company policies, procedures, working conditions, benefits, etc.
A summarized report containing information on the financial status of an employee benefit plan.
A summary of modifications or changes made to an modifications employee benefit plan that is not included in the summary plan description.
A written statement that contains information regarding participation, coverage and employee rights for any ERISA-covered benefit plan.
A type of compressed work week scheduling arrangement which allows employees to work longer hours Monday through Thursday and fewer hours on Friday during the summer months.
Training provided to employees with the potential for promotion into supervisory or managerial-level positions within the organization or as a remedy for performance-related issues.
Typically found in collective bargaining agreements. SUB pay benefits are taxable payments form a fund which can be combined with state unemployment insurance benefits during periods of temporary layoff to provide a higher level of unemployment benefits during the term of layoff.
Involving more than one country or having authority which transcends one country, i.e., the European Union is a supranational organization
A data collection method used to assist organizations with problem identification, measuring employee morale or expectations and determining areas of concern
A form of disciplinary action resulting in an employee being sent home without pay for a specified period of time
A SWOT Analysis is a strategic planning tool used to collect and evaluate information on an organization’s current Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats involved in a specific project or business venture.
A pattern of discrimination that on the surface appears neutral but in reality is systemic or through its application of policies and practices.
An appraisal process whereby an individual is rated on his or her performance by people who know something about the individual’s work. This can include direct reports, peers, managers, customers or clients; in fact, anybody who is credible to the individual and is familiar with his or her work can be included in the feedback process. The individual usually completes a self-assessment exercise on his or her performance, which is also used in the process.
Broadly defined as the implementation of an integrated strategies or systems designed to increase workplace productivity by developing improved processes for attracting, developing, retaining and utilizing people with the required skills and aptitude to meet current and future business needs.
Rewards that can be physically touched or held (i.e., a gift certificate, gifts in the form of merchandise or a savings bond.)
Involves defining standards and conditions of a particular task and identifying the distinguishing factors between tasks.
The specific activities and tasks that make up a particular job.
A training program designed to assist a group of people to work together as a team while they are learning.
Described as the practice of individuals working together in order to bring a variety of talents and experiences to achieve a common goal.
Working from a remote location (often one’s home workstation) using computers, telephones, facsimile machines and other remote capabilities, rather than commuting via automobile or other mode of transportation to and from an employer's work site to perform equivalent work.
A conference established between two or more people or groups of people who are in different locations; made possible by the use of such telecommunications equipment as closed-circuit television
An individual who works on either short- or long-term assignments with an employer without being treated as a permanent employee and lacking the benefits of permanent employees. Normally utilized by employers to meet seasonal or other demands that they do not have the internal resources to meet.
Restraining and/or protective orders are examples of orders issued by a court restraining the conduct of an individual and protecting a victim from the activities of an abusive person
The process of hiring employees on a temporary basis, usually through a temporary staffing agency, with the understanding that if the individual’s performance meets or exceeds expectations, he or she will be offered a permanent position within the organization.
Separation from employment due to a voluntary resignation, layoff, retirement or dismissal.
A rule allowing an employee or employer to terminate the employment relationship at any time for any or no reason at all.
Normally the last date actually worked by an employee; however, for employers with accrued leave programs, paid leave programs, benefit continuation programs or severance pay programs which go beyond the last day worked, the termination date would be the date at which accruals, paid leave, benefit continuation or severance continuation ceases.
An individual’s right to privacy, as it relates to information regarding test results, providing for informed consent of how test results are used.
A group organized for the purpose of intensive research and problem solving, especially in the areas of technology, social or political strategy, or demographics.
Harassment of an employee by someone other than another employee, such as a client, customer, vendor or service provider.
The discipline of utilizing time efficiently and well in order to achieve professional, personal or organizational objectives
The complete pay package awarded employees on an annual basis, including all forms of money, benefits, services and in-kind payments.
A structured system that satisfies internal and external customers and suppliers by integrating the business environment, continuous improvement and breakthroughs with development, improvement and maintenance cycles.
The amount of monetary and non-monetary value to an employee of all the elements in the employment package, as well as any other intrinsic or extrinsic rewards of value to the employee.
A trade secret consists of any formula, pattern, device or compilation of information used in one's business, which gives the business an opportunity to obtain an advantage over competitors who do not know or use it.
A term used to describe the spouse of an employee who has been transferred or relocated.
Any form of audio or visual materials used for training purposes
A process dealing primarily with transferring or obtaining knowledge, attitudes and skills needed to carry out a specific activity or task.
A method used to determine what people need to learn and which training programs may be beneficial. The result of the analysis is a training needs report identifying training needs and the interventions needed to reduce key performance gaps.
Moving an employee from one position, shift or department to another within the organization
A systematic form of leadership focusing on change and innovation. According to Bernard Bass, it is a form of leadership occurring when leaders “broaden and elevate the interests of their employees, when they generate awareness and acceptance of the purposes and the mission of the group and when they stir their employees to look beyond their own self-interest for the good of the group”
Provides alternative work arrangements, such as temporary light or modified duty, for employees who have been absent from the workplace as a result of illness or injury and who have been released by their medical provider to return to work.
The process of forecasting an organization’s staffing needs by analyzing past employment patterns in order to identify trends that may be expected to continue.
A program designed to provide financial assistance to employees taking educational courses at an accredited college or university.
A term used to describe the practice of transferring problem or performance-challenged employees from one position or department to another with the expectation that the employee may improve under a new supervisor or in a different work atmosphere.
Describes changes in the work force resulting from voluntary or involuntary resignations.
Costs associated with a separation of employment, including items such as unemployment compensation, COBRA benefits continuation costs, the cost of conducting exit interviews, as well as costs associated with replacing an employee, such as advertising, pre-employment testing, time and materials for new hire orientation, training and lost productivity.
The number of separations during a month, including both voluntary and involuntary terminations (excluding layoffs). The turnover rate is calculated by taking the number of separations during a month divided by the average number of employees on the payroll multiplied by 100.
As part of the affirmative action process, this report is used to determine whether certain members of protected groups are being inadequately represented within the workforce. The report uses information based on the geographic area and positions within the organization.
For an employer to legally refuse to accommodate an applicant's or an employee's disability or religious beliefs, the employer must be able to show that such an accommodation would place a severe burden on the operation of the business.
A statutory benefit. Unemployment insurance is designed to provide workers who have been laid off a weekly income during short periods of unemployment. The system is run and funded by state and federal taxes paid by employers.
The number of individuals unemployed as a percentage of the labor force.
An action or policy resulting in members of protected groups becoming disadvantaged in relation to the employer’s selection, hiring, promotion, pay and training opportunities, when said person(s) are as equally qualified and have the same potential to be successful.
A formal organization certified by the National Labor Relations Board and authorized to act on behalf of employees regarding wages, benefits, working conditions, conditions of employment and job security
A form of union security that requires employees to join the union, within a certain time after they are hired or after a compulsory unionism contract is executed, and to maintain their membership as a condition of employment.
Any policy or practice that has discriminatory intent or effect and cannot be shown to be essential to the successful performance of the job in question.
The practice of hiring retired former employees whose skills or qualifications are in need.
Any action, such as horseplay, fighting, failing to abide by a safety rule, etc., that results in accident or injury to another
Hazards, such as faulty equipment or tools, improper safety procedures, failure to improperly guard equipment, etc., that result or have the potential to result in an accident or injury to another.
Someone who is not required to use reasoning in their work: Examples: packager, assembler, laborer, hand, apprentice
Conduct or behavior by peers, subordinates or supervisors that is objectionable or unacceptable to an individual.
The process of preparing minorities for promotion into higher-level jobs, such as managerial positions.
Review and analysis of health care programs to determine cost control methods. Involves reviewing claims for potential utilization problems.
A program that allows an employee to sell back to the employer any unused vacation time balances.
A program that allows employees to buy additional vacation time from another employee or sell additional time they may have available to another employee. Some programs also allow for trading of future vacation time.
A policy allowing employees to transfer a portion of their current year vacation balances for use in the next year. The amount of time that can be carried over is based on the employer’s policy.
The study of an employer's test or selection standards that proves that they are significant predictors of successful job performance (those who score high turn out to be successful on a job and those who score low turn out to be unsuccessful). The study requires a large sample of applicants and must include representatives of groups--such as minorities and women--who may be suffering adversely from such standards.
The general concept of validity is traditionally defined as "the degree to which a test measures what it claims, or purports, to be measuring." Validity is normally subdivided into three categories: content, criterion related and construct validity. Validity is an essential characteristic for all tests and test ratings.
Work that increases the value of a service or product to the employer’s customers.
A document outlining and representing the core priorities in the organization’s culture.
A measure that utilizes a demand and availability forecast to determine whether an organization has the ability to meet future manpower needs.
Used to describe organizations that over time shed layer after layer of full-time permanent employees and replace them with temporary workers until their workforce primarily consists of temporary employees.
A traditional organizational structure consisting of primary functions (i.e., engineering, manufacturing, finance, etc.), with each function having its own manager.
An organizational structure consisting of many layers of management or other positions of authority.
An employee’s right to receive present or future pension benefits, even if the employee does not remain in the service of the employer.
A form of training conducted outside of the workplace to acclimate newly hired employees with procedures and equipment or tools to be used in their jobs
The use of technology to provide HR programs via an employee self-service platform. Typically includes use of such items as voice response systems, employee kiosks, etc.
A form of mentoring whereby the mentor and mentored communicate from a distance, utilizing either e-mail or other forms of electronic conferencing.
The work site of employees such as sales reps or other types of employees who work off company premises and communicate with their respective workplaces via telephone or computer.
A vision statement is a description of what an organization wants to become or hopes to accomplish in the future (typically in the next 10 years).
Leave without pay that is taken on a voluntary basis by employees for specified duration. Often used as an alternative to layoff.
Allows employees to voluntarily reduce their working hours as well as their pay for a specified duration. Also used as an alternative to layoff.
Organizational support, often in the form of paid leave or sponsorship, for employees pursuing volunteer opportunities or performing community services.
An alternative work schedule that allows employees to voluntarily agree to reduce their work time and pay.
Procedures used for planning and administering organization-wide compensation programs for all levels of employees.
A benchmark report consisting of market pay data for a variety of jobs conducted either on a local or nationwide basis. Used to evaluate an organization’s own current pay structures and as a future compensation planning tool.
Depicts pay rates currently being paid for each job within a pay grade in relation with the rankings awarded to each job during the job evaluation process
The difference in pay between female employees and male employees who are performing the same or comparable jobs.
Usually in the form of a court order, a garnishment requires withholding a portion of an employee’s earnings for repayment of a debt.
Differences in wage rates for similar jobs occurring either due to the location of company, hours of work, working conditions, type of product manufactured or other circumstances.
Depicts the range of pay rates to be paid for each grade for various positions within the organization
A document signed by either an employee or prospective employee in which he or she renounces certain specified rights or considerations.
A plan designed to provide employees with coverage for medical or hospital care and surgical procedures. May also include other benefits, such as vacation or scholarship programs
Programs, such as on-site or subsidized fitness centers, health screenings, smoking cessation, weight reduction/management, health awareness and education, that target keeping employees healthy, thereby lowering employer’s costs associated with absenteeism, lost productivity and increased health insurance claims.
Whistleblower protection is the federal law that provides protection to employees against retaliation for reporting illegal acts of employers. An employer may not rightfully retaliate in any way, such as discharging, demoting, suspending or harassing the whistle blower. Employer retaliation of any kind may result in the whistle blower filing a charge with a government agency and/or filing a law suit against the employer
Employees who are paid on a salaried basis and whose jobs do not require the performance of work of a manual nature. Such individuals are normally employed in the capacity of managers, supervisors, salespeople, clerical or technical workers.
Willful misconduct is defined as any action, taken by an employee consciously and willfully, that is deliberately malicious or violates a company policy. Willful misconduct can include such things as: willful or deliberate behavior inconsistent with the continuation of employment; conduct causing imminent and serious risk to a person’s health, safety, reputation or the viability or profitability of the employer’s business; theft, assault or fraud; being under the influence of drugs or alcohol at work; or refusing to carry out a lawful and reasonable instruction consistent with an employment policy.
Work programs and benefits, such as adoption benefits, dependent care assistance, leave programs, flextime, compressed workweeks, telecommuting, etc., implemented to provide employees with greater flexibility to meet both work and family demands.
Having a measure of control over when, where and how individuals work, leading to their being able to enjoy an optimal quality of life. Work/life balance is achieved when an individual’s right to a fulfilled life inside and outside paid work is accepted and respected as the norm, to the mutual benefit of the individual, business and society
State laws enacted to provide workers with protection and income replacement benefits due to an illness or injury suffered on the job. Employers must carry appropriate workers’ compensation insurance, as required by state law, or have a sufficient source of funding for claims incurred.
A program, typically lasting four to six weeks, that provides workers who were injured on the job and who have undergone physical or occupational therapy the strength to be able to resume normal work functions and therefore getting them back to work.
A listing of each job title as the title appears in applicable collective bargaining agreements or payroll records ranked from the lowest paid to the highest paid within each department including department or unit supervision. For each job title, the following information must be given: the total number of male and female employees; the total number of male and female employees who are Black (not Hispanic), Hispanic, American Indian/Alaskan Native and Asian/Pacific Islander; and the wage rate or salary range
The assessment of current workforce content and composition issues used to determine what actions must be taken to respond to future needs.
Persistent, offensive, abusive, intimidating or insulting behavior or unfair actions directed at another individual, causing the recipient to feel threatened, abused, humiliated or vulnerable.
Defines workplaces who provide employees with flexibility in matters such as scheduling of hours worked, as well as providing the ability to address unanticipated family and personal needs as they arise
Assaults and other violent acts or threats that occur in or are related to the workplace and entail a substantial risk of physical or emotional harm to individuals or damage to company resources or capabilities.
The measurement of how employees spend their time and the number of work units being produced by employees over a specific period of time. This is accomplished by randomly observing employees while they are performing their jobs and then using mathematical formulas to determine the sample size.
The process of making a job easier and simpler to perform. Involves analyzing various job tasks by compiling work process, work flow and work distribution charts. The information is then reviewed, and new methods are introduced and tested to determine the most suitable and efficient method to be implemented.
A work stoppage occurs when employees cease to perform their jobs as a means of showing their support for a specific cause or as a way of voicing a grievance
Written documentation given to an employee describing specific disciplinary infractions, such as inappropriate conduct, poor performance or violation of work rules/policies. Such documentation normally includes information regarding past infractions and what action will be taken if employee fails to improve.
An exception to the at-will employment doctrine, wrongful discharge/termination is the unjust or unfair termination of an employee based on breach of a written or oral implied contract or a violation of public policy.
An employment contract or agreement, either oral or in writing, that forbids employees from joining or continuing membership in any labor union as a condition for continuing or obtaining employment.
A plan design feature that establishes a preassigned class, ratio, or ranking for a specified class of employees who will receive zero bonus awards.
A budgeting system that starts with no authorized funds as a starting point. In a zero based budget, each activity or program to be funded must be every time a new budget is prepared and resources are allocated accordingly.